Preparing A Worm Farm Is Easy And Can Be Profitable Financially And Environmentally

Published: 17th August 2010
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Some people find themselves thinking about how little effort it would take to make a bit of extra cash when it comes to worm farming. Yet other people might be more motivated to have a steady supply of nutrient rich soil for their garden. Either way, it's important to know how to set up a proper worm farm for your specific requirements.

The first thing about worm farming to understand is the benefits worms can provide you. For starters, worms are able to provide you with an almost unlimited supply of nutrient rich soil. You can also aid the planet environmentally with worm farming. Worms are a great composting technique and will eat virtually anything that is organic in nature. This includes newspapers, cardboard and kitchen scraps. For the avid fisherman you have a permanent supply of bait and aquarium owners have a ready supply of fresh food for their fish.

With the reasons for a worm farm established in your mind you can now start setting it up. Worm bins are readily available for purchase on the Internet. There are many styles, shapes and colors available. Some large scale worm farmers will often sell small set ups for a comparable price.

For an even cheaper option you could make your own worm farming bin out of common household items. A modified plastic tub or a large wooden box is all you need to make a nice home for your worms.

Multiple layers are required to provide a space for the liquid run off at the bottom. The liquid will run off the soil above and can be drained via a tap or hole at the bottom of the container. Worms move about and live in the very top layer. It is on this top layer that you put all of your composting material for the worms to munch on.

For those of us who have small or even no backyards you can still get into worm farming with one of the many indoor models available. Worm bins can typically be stacked for adding more worms later on.

To keep your worms healthy they will need appropriate bedding material. Peat moss or coconut fiber containing a small amount of compost material is well accepted. It is important to keep the bedding moist for the worms. Prepackaged worms usually come complete with bedding material and instructions on how to keep your worms healthy and well fed.

Location of the bin is important as well. Worms are unable to tolerate extremes in temperature. Try to keep the temperature between 72 - 75 degrees Fahrenheit. Another option is to get or make a fully insulated system which will help avoid extremes in temperature ranges. The level of moisture within the bin can be affected by location too.

Once you have everything in place all you need now is a few worms to get it all started Various worms are readily available. Red wigglers are a favorite amongst worm farmers. For bait you might want to breed European Night Crawlers.

When you receive your worms you will want to check the instructions on how to acclimatise your worms. An important step is to be sure the bedding and unit are fully prepared before the worms arrive for placement within the farm.

Now for the fun part, feeding the worms. There are a wide variety of items you can use as worm food. Fruit and vegetable scraps, egg shells, newspapers, cotton rags, cardboard boxes pre-soaked, leaves, dirt and even hair. You can speed the composting process up by cutting everything down into smaller sizes. Slice your fruits into strips so your worms can get at them easier.

Provide a layer of items to be consumed on the top layer of the soil. To avoid over feeding, only add more food when most of previously fed food has been eaten.

All of your worm castings will be found in the bottom layer of soil. By adding this straight to the garden you will be providing your plants with one of nature's best fertilizer's. If your plants like being fed directly to the roots a liquid fertilizer can be made by simply adding water.

Your worms will require very little maintenance once you have them established. If the worms don't like it they will simply crawl away in search of a more optimal environment. Your worms will be happy to shack up with you if you keep up a fresh supply of food, good moisture levels and a constant temperature.

Having a worm fun can be both fun and profitable.For more tips and tricks check out the author's website at raising earthworms.

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